Data and Copyright
Name Server Home
Instructions for the Hymenoptera Name Server

Enter a name within the text field at the top of the page. You may use wild cards within the name, including the first position. The percent symbol "%" will match any number of characters. The underline symbol "_" will match any single character. If you use the % symbol in the first position, you must add at least one alphabetic character The field is not case-sensitive.

As an example, entering 'Telenomus' will return the information for the genus Telenomus Haliday. Entering 'Telenomus%' will do the same as well as returning any species or subspecies within the genus. The search string '% rufa' will retrieve all species or subspecies with the epithet rufa. The string '% ruf%' (note: there is a space after the first %) will generate a list of any taxon name that has an epithet that begins with the letters r-u-f. Please use care with the wild card characters, because you may receive a fairly large html document as a response.
Credits for the Hymenoptera Name Server

The database was developed as part of a PEET grant (Partnerships in Enhancing Expertise in Taxonomy) to Norman F. Johnson. Programming is the responsibility of NFJ. Significant assistance in the development of the database was made by Dr. Luciana Musetti. Please forward any suggestions and contributions to NFJ at This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under grant DEB-9521648.
Data and Copyright Issues for the Hymenoptera Name Server

The goal of the Hymenoptera Name Server is provide a unique mode of presentation of information on the names of organisms. The data are extracted from the scientific literature: from original descriptions, revisions, and taxonomic catalogs. Recent catalogs, in particular, are an important starting point for recording names. We work both backward and forward from these publications: back in time to confirm and record the form in which names were used and to annotate the contents of the publication, and forward by incorporating the conclusions of newly published taxonomic works. Catalogs are summarizations of the history of taxonomic decisions. The opening paragraph of Bolton's (1995) catalog of ants encapsulates our position concerning the issue of copyright:

"Taxonomy is a fascinating branch of biology, unique in that it must always be retrospective as well as prospective. This is because a taxonomic decision taken today projects forward in time and colours the decisions and opinions of taxonomists in the future. Similarly, any taxonomic decision taken since the inception of zoological nomenclature, in 1758, has relevance today, and on into the future. And it does not matter whether that decision was right or wrong; whatever its ultimate original or fate, a taxonomic decision is a persistent fact that must be taken into account." (emphasis added)

Names, lists of references, and facts cannot be copyrighted. To quote Circular #1 from the U.S. Copyright Office, the following items are not protected by copyright:
Hymenoptera Name Server
version 2.0
Enter a name; the search is not case sensitive, use % or _ as wildcards. If you use the % wild card in the first position, you must add at least one alphanumeric character: